b. 1891, Notasulga, AL, USA | d. 1960, Fort Pierce, FL, USA
Novelist, playwright, and anthropologist Zora Neale Hurston was also a documentary filmmaker, having recorded film and audio of 20th-century life among Black Floridians.
Note: Zora Neale Hurston is a renown novelist, playwright, and anthropologist. And she could very well be considered the first Black American woman filmmaker, as she made several short films and audio recordings documenting every day life in rural areas in Florida. Visit here and here for more information.